Former Merthyr Tydfil Synagogue
Foundation for Jewish Heritage
Saving and restoring the oldest surviving synagogue in Wales
The Synagogue was built between 1872 and 1875 in heavy Northern Gothic style. It is the oldest surviving synagogue in Wales and is considered architecturally one of the most important in the UK. There was a Jewish presence in Merthyr Tydfil from at least the 1830s and the construction of the Synagogue reflected a community that was growing and prospering. The building’s fortunes mirror those of the community of broader Merthyr, which was once the epicentre of the industrial revolution and Wales’ largest urban settlement. The 20th century saw Merthyr’s Jewish community, once the largest in Wales, shrink in numbers. It eventually came to an end with the Synagogue closing in 1983.